Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovaries for fertilization. The egg often moves to the tube to await fertilization with a sperm. Of which it will travel to the uterus and start developing.
But if fertilization does not happen, the egg burst and gets absorbed as the hormone levels drop and the thickened lining of the uterus is shed during the menstrual period. You should also note that any brown discharge or spotting is not considered as a menstrual period but it can be a sign or symptom of ovulation.
So, knowing when you ovulate is very important as it can determine if you get pregnant or not. Besides, fertilization and ovulation always go hand in hand, because you are more likely to get pregnant at the peak of your ovulation.
Moreover, pregnancy is often more possible in the first five days leading to your ovulation as well as the ovulation day itself. Anything plus or minus will not make you pregnant. These six days are the fertile window in a woman’s cycle and they reflect the 5-day lifespan of the sperm as well as the 24-hour lifespan of the ovum.
So, if you happen to have sex six or more days before you ovulate then your chances of getting pregnant are often zero. But if you have sex five days before you ovulate, you increase your chances of being pregnant by 10%. Thus, the probability of your getting pregnant often rises steadily as ovulation day nears, that can be 2 days before ovulation as well as ovulation day.
When the fertility window closes, the probability of getting pregnant declines dramatically, 12-24 hours after ovulation and you won’t be able to conceive until the next cycle. Besides, menstrual and ovulation cycle often varies from woman to woman and it can be affected by various internal or external stimuli in your body as well as surrounding environs.
However, if you have no idea about when your ovulation starts and ends, you can have sex every 2-3 days so as to optimize your chances of getting pregnant.
But you can always keep an eye out for various symptoms and signs of ovulation. These often vary from woman to woman but some of the most common ones include breast tenderness, abdominal bloats as well as an increase in cervical mucus/fluid.
Moreover, you can always calculate ovulation using a manual calendar or an ovulation calculator. But you have to be in tune with your menstrual cycle for the calculations to work.
Calculating and Tracking Your Ovulation Days
When it comes to ovulation calculation, you can either use the thousands of online ovulation calculators or manually do everything with your calendar. But an ovulation calculator often works fast and can give you data for the next 6 months of your menstrual, ovulation and fertility days.
For this calculator to give you the correct days, you need to know your menstrual cycle length as well as the first day of your last period and how long it lasted.
Ovulation often happens 2 weeks before the next expected period. So it is better to know your menstrual cycle which can be regular or irregular. Some women often have a 28-day cycle while others experience shorter and longer ones, 21 and 35 respectively.
So, if you have a 28-day cycle, your ovulation will typically happen on day 14 and your most fertile days will be between days 12-14, as you are always most fertile in the three days leading to your ovulation.
The same concept applies to any cycle be it a 35-day cycle, which will make your ovulation day to be day 21 with the most fertile days being between days 19-21. Likewise, if you have a shorter menstrual cycle like a 21-day cycle, ovulation will happen on day 7 with the most fertile days ranging from day 5-7.
Besides, the online ovulation calculator often shows your fertile window, fertile time as well as ovulation day. Some also show your next period days as well as pregnancy due dates in case you get pregnant within the ovulation period. You just have to enter the requested data and everything will be outlined for you for convenience.
You can also use these online ovulation calculators to determine your safe days, so as to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
In addition to all these, you can plan your conception for either a boy or girl using some of these online ovulation calculators. For instance, the chances of conceiving a boy are much higher 24 hours before ovulation and 12 hours after ovulation as male sperm tend to be fast swimmers than female sperm. Thus they reach the egg more quickly.
But if you want a girl, you need to give the female sperm more time to reach the egg as they tend to swim slowly towards the fallopian tube. So, you can try conceiving 3-4 days before ovulation. This is because the closer you get to ovulation the more odds you have of conceiving a girl rather than a boy.
You should also note that you do not have to ovulate every time as a woman often ovulates 400 times in her lifetime. Besides, you can easily menstruate without having to ovulate as the ovary can sometimes miss on producing a mature egg for ovulation.
Conclusively, if you track your menstrual cycle for some time you will be in a better position of identifying your ovulating days as well as fertile days for the next few months.
Besides using an ovulation calculator to know your ovulation days, you can also read some of the signs your body is giving you or use a basal body temperature thermometer or any other ovulation prediction kit so as to maximize your chances of getting pregnant or staying safe. Some signs are consistent while others vary.
Basically, you just have to consume healthy food products and mark your ovulation days so as to maximize your chances of getting pregnant.