Ovulation is a blessing to all women as it is the only natural way you can conceive. Most women often rely on different methods to determine their ovulation days from using a period calculator, basal body temperature as well as dividing the ovulation cycle by half. You can also use saliva ovulation tests, urine fertility tests as well as ovulation kit predictors.
But some of these methods might be challenging to some. But as long as you are well informed and totally aware of your ovulation cycle, then you are good to go. You just have to choose the best method and you will be in a position to conceive when you want and stay safe when you do not want to conceive.
What Is Ovulation?
Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary and moves down the fallopian tube for fertilization.
Some of the symptoms related to ovulation are increased sex drive, breast tenderness and a heightened sense of smell, taste, vision as well as abdominal bloating and light spotting.
Moreover, it often happens 2 weeks before your next period depending on your menstrual cycle. And the three leading days up to and including ovulation days are the most fertile ones.
When Do You Ovulate
Ovulation often varies from woman to woman, depending on the monthly menstrual cycle. As some have 21, 28 and even 35 cycles. So, it is your duty to know your menstrual cycle so as to determine your ovulation days easily.
As you mature into a woman, your body often produces immature eggs every now and then but as your estrogen-progesterone cycle begins to heighten it mature the eggs for ovulation. Moreover, as the amount of estrogen increases it stimulates the production of another hormone called the Luteinizing hormone.
The Luteinizing hormone then triggers the ovaries to release a fully mature egg for ovulation. This happens between 24-36 hours after the Luteinizing hormone is detected in your blood system. Besides, it happens only once a month. After which the egg dies or becomes too hard for the sperm to penetrate. So, it is better to be sure when it happens, especially if you want to conceive ASAP, as ovulation and fertility always go hand in hand.
But it all depends on your body, the healthier you are the longer you will ovulate even at a later age.
Besides, stress, injuries, as well as illness, can often lead to an earlier, missed or delayed ovulation. It can also make you menstruate without ovulating, but rarely will you ovulate without menstruation. This is because the presences of unfertilised egg in your uterus often trigger the endometriosis to slough off.
Tracking Your Ovulation
Most women can often tell when they are ovulating while for others menstruation often comes as a surprise. But most women often track it so as to know when they are most fertile for conceiving while others track it to avoid the same and have stress free sex, of course, they can miss or avoid sex in those few days of ovulation.
Some also track ovulation due to the severe side effects that come with menstruation. This makes it easier for one to make or avoid planned events and social gatherings as periods are often uncomfortable and painful.
Moreover, technology has made it easier for one to know when they are ovulating. As much as there may be other body signs and symptoms, ovulation often varies from woman to woman as the cycles also differ.
Here are few tech devices that can help you determine when you are likely to ovulate
- Ovulation Calculator
You can use an online calculator to base your most fertile days as well as ovulation days. Most of these calculators give their answers based on the first day of your last period as well as your menstrual cycle. Some might want to know when your last period started and when it stopped as well as more information about your two last periods.
However, there might be some challenges, drawback s and miscalculation if you have been ill, stressed or injured in any way. So as much as it works effectively, you cannot rely on it under some circumstances.
Besides, you can always get your ovulation date by calculating the first 14 days from the start of your previous period, as that is the accepted time for normal ovulation.
- Basal Body Temperature
You can also use a basal body temperature, BBT, thermometer to record your daily temperature as normal fever thermometers won’t work in this case.
Ovulation often leads to body changes as well as temperature spikes, so using a basal body temperature to record and determine its peak time is ideal. But this can often be limited with other external and internal stimuli in the body.
Therefore, if you opt for this kind of ovulation prediction method, then you have to do it for several months so as to get the right results as even the slightest change of weather or illness can drastically spike your temperature. Besides, being under the blanket or eating spicy and hot drinks can also increase your body temperature.
But as you continue to chart your body temperature month after month you will start to notice real ovulation spikes and random fluctuations.
You should also be aware that the normal non-ovulation temperature of a woman is often between 96-99 degrees Fahrenheit but with the release of an egg the basal body temperature increase by about half a degree.
Moreover, by using a BBT thermometer you can easily anticipate your peak fertile periods in the days to come.
- Urine Ovulation Test Kits
Ovulation test kit predictors are one of the most natural and easiest ways to tell if you are ovulating or not. It can detect an increase in the level of Luteinizing Hormone in your body. This hormone is often required for an egg to be released.
A urine ovulation test kit will quickly detect the level of Luteinizing Hormone in your urine so as determine when you are likely to ovulate and possibly get pregnant.
When its levels spike, you have a 36-hour window period for fertility to occur, of which it is not guaranteed. As the egg might not implant or the sperm might fail to reach the egg. Likewise, the fertilized egg might trigger the endometrium to slough off and start your period.
In relation to this, you might get a false negative reading when the level of hormones in your body is not enough to trigger a reading or you have used an expired ovulation kit. But there are rarely false positives unless the kit has expired or your hormones have suddenly spiked for unknown reasons.
Moreover, if the egg is not ready it won’t be released even if the Luteinizing Hormone is high in your blood stream.
Basically, they are quick to use and they can predict your ovulation and fertile days earlier.
- Saliva Ovulation Test Kits
You can also use a saliva test kit to know when you are likely to ovulate. These test kits work by detecting the change in estrogen hormone by monitoring your saliva. This is due to the fact that high estrogen levels often increase the amount of salt in a woman’s saliva.
The salts, in turn, take the shape of ferns under the 60x magnification of the mini-ovulation microscope. By observing the shape and level of this salt, you can easily determine and understand your ovulation and fertility period.
Besides, you can always get this kit with an app so as to record your daily results for future ovulation tracks as well as health and treatment customization.
Additional Information on Ovulation
Ovulation at times occurs in pregnant women, as they continue to menstruate even after fertilization of their eggs. Although it is rare, it is possible and is known as superfetation.
In normal and every day cases hormonal changes associated with pregnancy often stop the production of the Luteinizing Hormone and thus no egg matures or gets released.
Moreover, there are also loads of complications with ovulation. But this often varies from woman to woman and is associated with a disease like PCOS and cancer. But just to rule any of the diseases out, always consult with your doctor if painful symptoms persist during ovulation.
Conclusively, ovulation can be hard to track especially in this age of unhealthy eating habits as well as lifestyles. Most care-free women often find themselves menstruating or pregnant. But for the careful few, it is easy to know when you are about to ovulate and when you safe or pregnant.
So, always ensure you get your dates right for several months before starting to track your ovulation and fertile days. This will make it easier to even know when you are off-peak without even consulting your monthly calendar.
But remember that other issues like mental health, as well as illness, can also trigger some hormonal changes in your system, so start earlier to have constant true ovulation results.